“Hunger Zero Challenge” report
The three UN agencies in Rome – the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) – on July 10 presented the report “Achieving Zero Hunger: The critical role of investment in social protection and agriculture.” The report provides estimates of the investment costs needed to eliminate hunger. It does this by focusing on a scenario in which social protection is linked to investment, in particular in rural development and agriculture, to help the poor and the hungry. The document notes that, despite progress in recent decades, today are still about 800 million people, mostly in rural areas, still do not have enough food to eat. Eliminate chronic hunger by 2030, the report says, it is a key element of the second objective of sustainable development of the new Agenda post-2015, which will be adopted by the international community by the end of the year, and at the heart of the challenge “Zero Hunger “promoted by the Secretary General of the United Nations.
However, what are the key measures identified to eliminate hunger in the world by 2030, according to the objectives of the UN? It would be enough to invest 0.3% of world GDP and in fifteen years the world could finally defeat hunger. Among the proposals made by the organizations is the first increase investment for the development of the economy in rural and urban areas in those countries where hunger is a plague that affects much of the population. According to estimates it will take up to 2030 267 billion dollars a year, 116 destined to welfare measures and 105 for rural development and 46 for urban areas. A sum that would stimulate the production of income to the benefit of those living in poverty. The three institutions, FAO, IFAD and WFP emphasize that funding the primary sector and protecting the lower classes could end the scourge of the lack of food in the world.